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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.013

Influence of Crossbreeding of Sasso and Faso Chickens on Some Hatching Events and Post-Hatch Performances

Date: June 24,2022 |Hits: 345 Download PDF How to cite this paper

A. Bilalissi1,2,*, Y. Lombo1, K. A. Kossoga1, K. Tona1, B. B. Batimsoga1, K. Voemesse1, T. P. Tare1, B. Bagna1, O. E. Oke3

1Institut Togolais de Recherche Agronomique (ITRA), Agoe Cacaveli, BP 1163 Lome, Togo.

2Laboratory of Poultry Science, Regional Center of Excellenceon Poultry Science (CERSA), University of Lome (Togo), BP 1515, Lome, Togo.

3Department of Animal Physiology, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: A. Bilalissi

Abstract

The impact of crossbreeding between exotic and selected indigenous chickens on growth performances is well-documented. However, there is a scarcity of data on the hatching events of the progenies. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of a cross between Sasso and Faso chickens on hatching events and post-hatching performance. A total of 360 hens from the Sasso breeders’ hens (200) and Faso hens (160) strains were assigned to 12 individual breeding pens with 30 hens per pen (6 replicates per group). The mating ratio was 1:10. The crosses were: Sasso x Sasso (SS), Faso x Faso (FF) and Faso x Sasso (FS), with roosters of the alternative strain to obtain crossbred. 1,200 hatching eggs (400 eggs/crossing group) were studied. Before the start of incubation, each egg was numbered and weighed. The eggs were set incubated using 37.8°C and 60% relative humidity. At d 18 of incubation, eggs were candled according to genotypes and those with evidence of living embryos were transferred from the turning trays to hatcher baskets. Between 455 and 510 h of incubation, the transferred eggs were checked every 3h for hatching events. After hatching at 21.5d, chickens were reared for 12 weeks. During this period, body weights, feed intake and mortality were recorded. The results indicated that the initial egg weights and one-day-old chick weights from the FS group were significantly higher (p<0.0001) compared to the FF group but the SS group recorded the highest egg weight and day-old chick weight. The fertility and hatchability were significantly higher (p<0.0001) in the SS group followed by the FS group and F group. Crossbreeding did not impact external and total incubation duration but Faso embryos pipped earlier (p=0.0267) than both Sasso and crossbred embryos. Feed intake, body weight, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio were significantly (p<0.05) improved in the crossbred compared to Faso indigenous chicken. The mortality rate was significantly higher (p=0.0005) in the SS group compared to FS and FF groups. It can be concluded that there is a higher genetic variation in Sasso and Faso genotypes and this variation resulted in higher growth performances for crossbred chickens.

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How to cite this paper

Influence of Crossbreeding of Sasso and Faso Chickens on Some Hatching Events and Post-Hatch Performances

How to cite this paper: A. Bilalissi, Y. Lombo, K. A. Kossoga, K. Tona, B. B. Batimsoga, K. Voemesse, T. P. Tare, B. Bagna, O. E. Oke. (2022) Influence of Crossbreeding of Sasso and Faso Chickens on Some Hatching Events and Post-Hatch Performances. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(2), 228-236.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.013

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