Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture /


Histomorphological Studies on Oviduct of Nigerian Genotypes Chicken

Date: June 13,2022 |Hits: 1085 Download PDF How to cite this paper

James Gana*, Aboje John Eche, Kabir Ibrahim Kontagora, Kelechi Mgbonu

Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education, P.M.B.39, Kontagora, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: James Gana


The study was conducted at the poultry unit in the research and teaching farm of the Department of Agricultural Education of Federal College of Education, Kontagora, North central, Nigeria. Thirty apparently healthy adult Normal feathered (NF) and naked-neck (NN) genotypes of Nigerian chickens were purchased from local market in Kontagora, slaughtered and the oviducts were harvested. The tissues (mid portions of infundibulum, magnum, isthmus, shell gland and vagina) were fixed followed by routine histological staining technique (H & E). The wall of the left oviduct of both groups comprised four basic layers viz. tunica mucosa, submucosa, tunica muscularis and serosa from inside to outward. Due to absence of lamina muscularis, tunica mucosa and tunica submucosa formed a combined layer here onwards referred to as propria submucosa, which formed the core of the mucosal folds. Tunica mucosa possessed considerable complexity, being thrown into well-developed folds. Tunica muscularis was made up of two layers; inner circular and outer longitudinally oriented smooth muscle layer. The outermost layer was tunica serosa, which was made up of loose subserosal connective tissue covered externally by the mesothelium. In the infundibulum, mucosal folds were short, narrowed, predominantly primary with the thickness of its wall in NF been observed to be less than that in NN birds. Almost allmucosal folds in the magnum were pedunculated. The mucosal folds of the magnum were wider in NN compared to the NF. In the isthmus, most of the mucosal folds were narrow and tapered towards the centre of lumen. Folds were wider in NN as compared to NF. The Vascularity was highest in this shell gland compared to infundibulum, magnum and Isthmus. The mucosa of the vagina exhibited short folds of uniform height.


[1] Momoh, O. M., Nwosu, C. C., and Adeyinka, I. A. (2010). Egg production of two Nigerian local chicken ecotypes under improved management. ASSET: An International Journal (Series A), 8, 151-158. publications.unaab.edu.ng.

[2] Wimmers, K., Ponsuksili, S., Hardge, T., Valle‐Zarate, A., Mathur, P. K., and Horst, P. (2000). Genetic distinctness of African, Asian and South American local chickens. Animal Genetics, 31,159-165. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2052.2000.00605.x.

[3] Ebozoje, M. O. and Ikeobi, C. O. N. (1995). Productive performance and occurrence of major genes in the Nigerian local chicken. Nigerian Journal of Genetics, 10, 67-77.

[4] Udoh, U. H., Okon, B., and Udoh, A. P. (2012). Egg quality characteristics, phenotypic correlations and prediction of egg weight in three (naked neck, frizzled feather and normal feathered) Nigerian local chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 11, 696.

[5] Ojedapo, L. O., Adedeji, T. A., Ameen, S. A., Olayeni, T. B., Amao, S. R., Ige, A. O., Rafiu, T. A., Ojediran, T. K., and Akinniran, T. N. (2009). Effect of strain and age on egg quality characteristics of two different strains of layer chickens kept in cages in derived savannah zone of Nigeria. In Proc. 14th Ann. conf. of Animal Sc. Ass. of Nig, 14-17.

[6] Garg, V. K. (2006). Gross morphological, Histological and Ultrastructural studies on oviduct of Kadaknath fowl. MV Sc. and AH thesis (Veterinary Anatomy and Histology), GB Pant University of Agricultural and Technology, Pantnagar.

[7] Islam, M. R., Hasan, I., Monisha, N. Z., and Afrin, M. (2021). Gross and Histomorphological Study of the Ovary and Oviduct of Turkey Hen with Especial Emphasis on the Sperm-Host Gland. The Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 45, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.30539/ijvm.v45i1.1033. 

[8] King, A. S. (1979). System urogenitaliae. In: Nomina Anotomica Avium. Academic Press London. 65-73.

[9] Mehta, S., Prasad, G., and Sahay, P. N. (2005). Histological studies on the oviduct of the developing hen (Gallus domesticus). Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy, 7, 24-27.

[10] Rao, T. C. S. and Vijayaragavan, C. (1999). Microanatomical studies on the isthmus of the Domestic duck. Indian Journal of Poultry Science, 34, 235-239.

[11] Nickel, R., Schummer, A., and Seiferle, E. (1977). Anatomy of the domestic birds. Parey.

[12] Lin, J. Y., Yang, B. K., Do, T. A., and Chen, H. C. (2013). The accuracy enhancement of GPS track in Google Map. In 2013 Eighth International Conference on Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications, 524-527. 

[13] Sabow, A. B., Goh, Y. M., Zulkifli, I., Sazili, A. Q., Kaka, U., Ab Kadi, M. Z. A., Ebrahimi, M., Nakyinsige, K., and Adeyemi, K. D. (2016). Blood parameters and electroencephalographic responses of goats to slaughter without stunning. Meat science, 121, 148-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2016.05.00.

[14] Trautmann, A. (1957). Fundamentals of the histology of domestic animals. Comstock Pub. Associates.

[15] Banerjee, A., Ghosh, R. K., Mondal, A. K., and Kundu, B. (2006). Gross Anatomical and histomorphological studies on post-natal development of ovary and oviduct in Rhode Island Red Breed of Poultry. Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy, 18, 1-4.

[16] Bradley, O. C. and Grahame, T. (1960). The structure of the fowl. The structure of the fowl. 143.

[17] Romanoff, A. L. and Romanoff, A. J. (1963). The avian egg. Jhon willey and sons. Inc, New York. 175-195.

[18] Hodges, R. D. (1974). Histology of the Fowl. Academic Press. 326-408.

[19] Gopinath, S. and Hafeezuddin, M. (1980). Morphological and histological studies of oviduct of Desi fowl [Gallus domesticus, chickens, India]. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 5, 153-156.

[20] Ingole, S. P. (1985). Late Pre and Posthatch Developmental Studies of Female Reproductive System in Narmada-XL (Dwarf) and Normal WLH Birds. MV Sc (Doctoral dissertation, Thesis submitted to MP Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidalaya, Jabalpur).

[21] Das, L. N. and Biswal, G. (1968). Microanatomy of the reproductive tract of domestic duck (Anas boscas). The Indian veterinary journal, 12, 1003-1009.

[22] Banks, W. J. (1986). Avian Reproductive System, In: Applied Veterinary Histology. 2nd edition. Williams and Wilkins, London. 523-525.

[23] Naragude, H. B., Mugale, R. R., Bhosle, N. S., and Mamde, C. S. (1999). Histology of the infundibulum region in RIR birds. Indian veterinary journal, 7, 630-632.

[24] Lucy, K. M. and Harshan, K. R. (1999). Structure and postnatal development of vagina in Japanese, quail. Indian Journal of Poultry Science, 2, 120-124.

[25] William, J. B. and Linda, M. B. (2000). Color atlas of veterinary histology, 223-224.

[26] Aughey, E. and Frye, F. L. (2001). Comparative veterinary histology with clinical correlates. CRC Press. 134.

How to cite this paper

Histomorphological Studies on Oviduct of Nigerian Genotypes Chicken

How to cite this paper: James Gana, Aboje John Eche, Kabir Ibrahim Kontagora, Kelechi Mgbonu. (2022) Histomorphological Studies on Oviduct of Nigerian Genotypes Chicken. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(2), 192-199.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.06.009

Volumes & Issues

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.