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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.03.014

Response of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter] to Nitrogen and NPS-B Blended Fertilizers on Andisols of Southern Ethiopia

Date: April 8,2022 |Hits: 656 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Melkamu Hordofa Sigaye*, Kidist Kebede, Ribka Mekuria

Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Institute, Wondo Genet Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 198, Shashemane, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Melkamu Hordofa Sigaye

Abstract

Inorganic fertilizers are important tools to overcome soil fertility problems and are also responsible for a large part of the food production increases. The study was aimed to determine the optimum level of NPS-B by supplementing N from urea rates for maximum yield of tef production and to determine the economically optimum level of NPS-B by supplementing N from urea fertilizer. The treatments were: (100 kg ha-1 NPSB + 100 kg ha-1 Urea), (150 kg ha-1 NPSB + 100 kg ha-1 Urea), (200 kg ha-1 NPSB + 100 kg ha-1 Urea), (150 kg ha-1 NPSB + 200 kg ha-1 Urea), (150 kg ha-1 NPSB + 200 kg ha-1 Urea), (150 kg ha-1 NPSB + 200 kg ha-1 Urea), (200 kg ha-1 NPSB + 200 kg ha-1 Urea), (250 kg ha-1 NPBS + 200 kg ha-1 Urea), (100 kg ha-1 NPSB + 300 kg ha-1 Urea), (150 kg ha-1 NPSB + 300 kg ha-1 Urea), (200 kg ha-1 NPSB + 300 kg ha-1 Urea), (250 kg ha-1 NPSB + 300 kg ha-1 Urea), control and R-NP (60N 35 P2O5). The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design and replicated three times. The maximum biomass yield (13.2 tone ha-1), grain yield (2.6 tone ha-1) was obtained from the application of 200 kg ha-1 of NPS-B blended fertilizer with 100 kg ha-1 Urea. The economic analysis revealed that the highest net benefit of 93885.9 ETB ha-1 with a marginal rate of return (MRR%) of 143.8% was obtained in response to the application of 200 kg ha-1 of NPS-B blended with 100 kg ha-1 of Urea. However, the lowest net benefit was obtained from an unfertilized or control plot. Therefore, applications of 200 kg ha-1 NPSB of blended plus 100 kg ha-1 of urea are economically advisable for farmers in the Halaba districts southern, Ethiopia and areas with similar agro-ecological and soil types for better tef production.

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How to cite this paper

Response of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter] to Nitrogen and NPS-B Blended Fertilizers on Andisols of Southern Ethiopia

How to cite this paper: Melkamu Hordofa Sigaye, Kidist Kebede, Ribka Mekuria. (2022) Response of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zuccagni) Trotter] to Nitrogen and NPS-B Blended Fertilizers on Andisols of Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(1), 120-127.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.03.014

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