Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture /


Characterization of Beekeeping System in Horo District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Date: February 18,2022 |Hits: 789 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Alemayehu Tolera1,*, Desalegn Begna2, Simret Betsha1

1Department of Animal and Range Sciences, School of Animal and Range Sciences, Hawassa College of Agriculture, Hawaasa, Ethiopia.

2Ethiopian Policy study Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Alemayehu Tolera


The study was conducted in Horo districts of Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional state, western Ethiopia to assess beekeeping practices. The peasant associations of the districts were stratified into highland and midland. From each agro-ecology, three peasant associations (PA’s) were selected purposively based on beekeeping potentials and accessibility. Furthermore from each PA’s 30 beekeepers and a total of 180 beekeepers were selected using purposive sampling method. The selected beekeepers were interviewed using pre-tested structured questioners and single-visit-multiple formal survey method to collect the data. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20 software. The survey result indicated that 66.3% of the beekeepers started beekeeping by catching bee swarms freely, while the remaining 17.6% 14.4% and 1.7% getting bee colonies through gift from parents and both catching bee swarm and gift from parents and through inheritance respectively. The data revealed that majority about (96.2%) of the respondents follow traditional production system. An average honeybee colony holding size per household head of the study area was about 9.58, 2.18 and 2.62 with mean honey yields of 5.14kg, 15kg and 22.54kg from traditional, transitional and modern beehives respectively. However, as the study result indicated 68.5% respondents replied that decreasing trends in the number of honeybee colony and the honey yields due to pesticide and herbicide application (22.%), Pests (16.6%), absconding (15.5%) and Migration (12.7%). The behaviors of the bees were docile (27.1%), aggressive (49.7%), and very aggressive (23.2%). As the result indicated that indiscriminate use of agro-chemicals (31.4%), honeybee enemies (21%), lack of bee forages (19.3%), lack of protection against bad weather (16%) and poor management of beekeeping (13.3%) were reason of honeybee absconding in the study area. About 99.5% beekeepers responded that the incidences of reproductive swarming of honeybee colony in their apiary while the remaining 0.5% had no awareness about swarming. The current study showed that the beekeepers inspect their hive externally (87.8%), internally (9.4%) and not inspect their honeybee colony (2.8%). The common smoking materials in the study area was Ekebergia capensi (somboo) (49.4%), Olea europaea (ejersa) (22.2%), cow dung (dike) (16.7%), Karabicho (6.10%), Beeswax (gaga) (5%) and Gari (0.6%). In general, the present study showed that the area is very potential for beekeeping and majority of the households keep honeybees. Thus, strong extension, technical intervention and technology adoption is important to improve the beekeeping system of the area so that it can meaningfully contribute to the livelihood of small holder large beekeepers in Horo district.


[1] Desalegn, B. (2014). Assessment of Pesticides Use and its Economic Impact on the Apiculture Subsector in Selected Districts of Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

[2] Fichtl, R. and Admasu, A. (1994). Honeybee Flora of Ethiopia. Margraf Verlag, Germany. (FAO) Food and Agriculture Organization, 1996. Value added products from beekeeping (FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 124). Rome, Italy.

[3] Gemechis, L. (2014). Review of progress in Ethiopian honey production and marketing. Holeta Bee Research Center (HBRC), Holeta. P.O. Box 22 Ethiopia.

[4] Nuru, A. (2007). Atlas of pollen grains of major honeybee flora of Ethiopia. Holeta Bee Research Centre. Commercial Printing Enterprise. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. P. 152.

[5] CSA (Central Statistical Agency), 2017/18. Agricultural sample survey 2017/2018, volume II. Report on Livestock and Livestock characteristics. Addis Ababa. Statistical Bulletin, P. 570.

[6] MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development). (2016). The third residue monitoring plan for honey from Ethiopia. Produced by members of the Ethiopian Honey and Beeswax Producers and Exporters Association (EHBPEA). Addis Ababa Ethiopia.

[7] Gizachew, S. (2011). Women Economic Leadership through Honey Value chain Development in Ethiopia. Paper presented on Workshop on Gender & Market Oriented Agriculture 1st February 2011, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[8] Sebsib, A. (2018). Beekeeping Practice, Opportunities, Marketing and Challenges in Ethiopia: Review. Dairy and Vet Sci J., 2018, 5(3): 555662. DOI: 10.19080/JDVS.2018.05.555662. 

[9] Bekele, T., Desalegn, B., and Mitiku, E. (2017). Beekeeping practices, trends and constraints in Bale, South-eastern Ethiopia.

[10] IVCA (Integrated Value Chain Analyses) (2009). Integrated Value Chain Analyses for Honey and Beeswax Production and Marketing in Ethiopia and Prospects for Exports. The Netherlands Development Organization (SNV). Pp. 9-10.

[11] Nuru, A. (1999). Quality state and grading of Ethiopian honey. Pp. 74-82. Proceedings of the first National Conference of Ethiopian Beekeepers Association (EBA), June 7-8, 1999, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

[12] Mulgeta, D. (2014). Horo Woreda Honey and other Bee products Value chain analysis.

[13] Woreda Agricultural Office 2012. Basic datas of the district.

[14] Hartmann, I. (2004). The management of resources and marginalization in beekeeping Societies of South West Ethiopia. Paper submitted to the conference: Bridge Scales and Epistemologies, Alexandria. P. 1.

[15] Workneh, A. (2006). Identification and documentation of indigenous knowledge of beekeeping practice. Proceedings of the 14th Ethiopian Society of Animal Production, ESAP. Addis Ababa.

[16] Bekele, T. (2006). Beekeeping practices, factors affecting production, quality of honey and beeswax in Bale Zone, Oromia Region. M.Sc. Thesis.

[17] Chala, K. (2010). Honey Production, Marketing System and Quality Assessment in Gomma Woreda, South Western Ethiopia.

[18] Gichora, M. (2003). Towards Realization of Kenya’s Full Beekeeping Potential: A Case Study of Baringo district. Ecology and Development series No.6 2003. CuvillierVerlag Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany. P. 157.

[19] Workneh, A. (2006). Identification and documentation of indigenous knowledge of beekeeping practice. Proceedings of the 14th Ethiopian Society of Animal Production, ESAP. Addis Ababa.

[20] Tessega, B. (2009). Honeybee Production and Marketing Systems, Constraints and opportunities in Burie District of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Animal Science and Technology, School of Graduate Studies Bahirdar University.

[21] Crane, E. (1990). Bees and Beekeeping: Science, Practice and World Resources. Comstock Publishing Associates (Cornell University Press), Ithaca, New York.

[22] Tesfaye, K. and Tesfaye, L. (2007). Study of honey production systems in Adami Tulu Jido Kombolcha district in mid rift valley of Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 19, Article # 11.   

[23] Haftu, K. and Gezu, T. (2014). Survey on honey production systems, challenges and opportunities in selected areas of Hadya Zone, Ethiopia.

[24] Amssalu, B., Nuru, A., Sarah, E., Radloff, H., Randall, H. (2004). Multivariate morphometric analysis of Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) in the Ethiopian region. Apidologie, 35(2004): 71-84.

[25] Kerealem, E. (2005). Honeybee Production Systems, Opportunities and Challenges in Enebse Sar Midir Wereda (Amhara Region) and Amaro Special Woreda (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region), Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis.

[26] Solomon, B. (2009). Indigenous knowledge and its relevance for sustainable beekeeping development: A case study in the Highlands of Southeast Ethiopia Department of Animal Sciences, Mada Walabu University, PO Box 84, Bale Robe, Ethiopia.

[27] Taye, B. and Marco, V. (2014). Assessment of constraints and opportunities of honey production in Wonchi District South West Shewa Zone of Oromia, Ethiopia. American Journal of Research Communication, 2(10): 342-353. www.usa-journals. com, ISSN: 2325-4076.

[28] Gidey, Y. and Mekonen, T. (2012). Participatory Technology and Constraints Assessment to Improve the Livelihood of Bee-keepers in Tigray Region, northern Ethiopia. Momona Ethiopia journal of Science, Vol.2, No.1.

[29] Shenkute, A. G., Getachew, Y., Assefa, D., Adgaba, N., Ganga, G., and Abebe, W. (2012). Honey production systems (Apis mellifera L.) in Kaffa, Sheka and Bench-Maji zones of Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 4(19), 528-541.

How to cite this paper

Characterization of Beekeeping System in Horo District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

How to cite this paper: Alemayehu Tolera, Desalegn Begna, Simret Betsha. (2022) Characterization of Beekeeping System in Horo District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(1), 44-59.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2022.03.007

Volumes & Issues

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.