The Educational Review, USA

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Inclusion in Paralympic Sports from 2010 to 2021: A Systematic Review

Angela Magnanini*, Giulio Morelli

Department of Sport, Health and Human Sciences, University of Rome Foro Italico, Rome, Italy.

*Corresponding author: Angela Magnanini

Published: September 17,2021


The process of inclusion in the paralympic movement is examined from an inclusive pedagogical perspective. At least 100 million disabled people live in Europe alone. A useful definition of the inclusion process is the idea that everyone should be able to use the same facilities, take part in the same activities, and enjoy the same experiences, including people with disabilities or other disadvantages. Inclusion moves in multiple directions involving all people and every aspect of the human condition. Thanks to the great media exposure given to the London Paralympic Games of 2012, the mainstream public came face to face for the first time with athletes with disabilities. This review explores the literature to determine whether inclusion is a regular feature of the paralympic movement, and how it is applied to this specific population; some suggestions for future research in this field will also be provided. The review covered all available research relating to paralympic athletes with special attention to the bio-psycho-social approach, according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. This document modifies the concept of health and disability, highlighting the role of context in the process of the individual life. A context that is fraught with barriers places the individual at a disadvantage, while one that is rich in facilitations will help the individual to function in relation to his or her duties and goals, and to participate fully in the social life. The review excludes research projects with a purely medical or clinical approach or with a focus only on performance in paralympic sports. The databases used for the research are Science Direct, Web of Science, ERIC, BASE, DOAJ and they were searched from 2010 until the end of 2021. Rayyan was used to manage the studies. Two independent reviewers screened the records and retrieved 57 articles. The studies included used mixed methods to explore inclusion: on the one hand, they photographed the current situation with questionnaires, surveys or focus groups and, on the other hand, they evaluated inclusive programs, especially with school-age populations. A total of 10,387 participants were involved in the studies included in this review, with a mean of 182.2 and SD of 381.7. Studies suggest that paralympic sports are an excellent tool for inclusion. This review suggests the need to examine the subject more in depth, with experimental studies aimed at investigating inclusion in paralympic sports at the national and international level.


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How to cite this paper

Inclusion in Paralympic Sports from 2010 to 2021: A Systematic Review

How to cite this paper: Angela Magnanini, Giulio Morelli. (2021). Inclusion in Paralympic Sports from 2010 to 2021: A Systematic Review. The Educational Review, USA5(9), 316-327.