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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.09.026

Assessment of Dairy Cattle Production, Handling and Marketing Systems of Milk and Milk Products in Bako Tibe District of West Showa Zone, Ethiopia

Date: September 14,2021 |Hits: 376 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Miressa Benti1,*, Sintayehu Yigrem2, Temesgen Jembere3

1Department of Animal Production, Bako Agricultural Polytechnic College, Bako, Ethiopia. 

2School of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

3Holeta Agricultural Research Centre, Holeta, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Miressa Benti

Abstract

The objective of the study was to assess the dairy cattle production, handling and marketing systems of milk and milk products. Primary data was collected from 150 sample dairy cattle producers, multiple key informants and group discussions. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics and SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) version 20. The study district was stratified in to three based on agro-ecological differences as lowland, midland and highlands. Result of the study showed that the dairy cattle a production practice that prevails in the district is mainly mixed crop-livestock. Shortage of land and inefficient breeding services were ranked as main challenges while year round availability of water, absence of cultural prohibition and high demand of dairy products consumption were mentioned as important dairy farming opportunities in the area. Grazing natural pasture and cereal crop residues were mentioned as main feed resources for dairy cattle. Average lactation length for indigenous and crossbreds were: 7.3±0.09 and 9.00±0.6 months, respectively. The averages daily milk off-take of indigenous cows during wet and dry seasons respectively was (litre/cow) (1.7±0.1) and (1.5±0.03); whereas those of crossbreds were 6.5±0.1 and 5±0.6). The average age at first service identified for local and crossbreds’ heifers were 44.5±0.2 and 29±0.3 months respectively. The average age at first calving for local and crossbreds in the study area were: 54.5±0.2 and 38.4±0.5 months respectively. The overall average calving interval reported for local and crossbreds’ dairy animals were 16.6±0.2 and 14.2±0.8 months respectively. Plastic containers are important utensils figured for dairy products handling. The study concluded that dairy cattle production in the area is not improved, as only few crossbreeds prevail, shortage of grazing lands, health problems and lack of working capital are some of the major reasons for poor performance of dairy cattle production. Based on the result, extension services, awareness creation, trainings and intensive work should be developed as well as dairy value chain is needed to develop and promote the sub-sector.

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How to cite this paper

Assessment of Dairy Cattle Production, Handling and Marketing Systems of Milk and Milk Products in Bako Tibe District of West Showa Zone, Ethiopia

How to cite this paper: Miressa Benti, Sintayehu Yigrem, Temesgen Jembere. (2021) Assessment of Dairy Cattle Production, Handling and Marketing Systems of Milk and Milk Products in Bako Tibe District of West Showa Zone, EthiopiaInternational Journal of Food Science and Agriculture5(3), 538-549.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.09.026

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