The Educational Review, USA

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Educational Reforms as Correlates of Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness in Public Secondary Schools in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria

Scholastica C. O. Ekere*, Udeme Etim Akpan

Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, P.M.B 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: Scholastica C. O. Ekere

Published: August 27,2021


The study was designed to examine educational reforms as correlates of principals’ administrative effectiveness in public secondary schools in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested. Correlational research design was adopted for the study. Literature was reviewed based on the sub-variables used for the study. The population and sample of the study comprised 236 principals’ of 236 public secondary schools. Two sets of instruments were developed for data collection by the researcher named: “Educational Reforms Questionnaire (ERQ)” which contained twenty-four (24) items and “Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness Questionnaire (PAEQ)” which contained eighteen (18) items respectively. The instruments were validated by three experts in Measurement and Evaluation through validity. A reliability test was conducted on the variables to obtain a reliability coefficient which ranged from 0.82-0.91 for educational reforms questionnaire and 0.75-0.83 and 0.72 respectively for principals; administrative questionnaire using Cronbach Alpha method. The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using Pearson Product Moment Correlation at the 0.05 level of significance. The results of the analysis revealed a positive significant relationship between information and communication and technology and entrepreneurship education on principals’ administrative effectiveness. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among other things that government should ensure through monitoring that principals’ fully key into the reform process to deliver the mandatory goods.


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How to cite this paper

Educational Reforms as Correlates of Principals' Administrative Effectiveness in Public Secondary Schools in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria

How to cite this paper: Scholastica C. O. Ekere, Udeme Etim Akpan. (2021). Educational Reforms as Correlates of Principals' Administrative Effectiveness in Public Secondary Schools in AkwaIbom State, Nigeria. The Educational Review, USA5(8), 301-308.