Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / The Educational Review, USA /


A Comparative Analysis of Grade 3 Students’ Activities Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Date: July 28,2021 |Hits: 3486 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Maria Christine M. Morada

Grade School Reading Teacher, De La Salle Santiago Zobel School, Philippines.

*Corresponding author: Maria Christine M. Morada


We have been living in a new world since the first quarter of 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic. This condition presents a slew of new obstacles for individuals, groups, and entire communities. One of them is free time and the various ways to spend it. Therefore, the research aimed to analyze students’ activities during free time before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research also evaluated whether there were any differences when certain factors affecting individual’s environments were restricted. The research also looked at changes and perceptions of the students of fun and creative activities that can be done before and during the pandemic. To obtain more reliable data, the researcher used the triangulation technique, in which the data were evaluated using several resources. An electronic survey through G-forms, interview results and researcher’s observations were used for the data gathering. The research participants were chosen purposively, coming from two sections in Grade 3 (n=43). The researcher used qualitative descriptive analysis in interpreting the results from the gathered data. The research results indicated significant differences in students’ activities before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially with activities involving physical, craft, and critical thinking. Students were more likely to choose activities that involve different movements and activities that spark their interest. This study only focuses on the students, involvement of the teachers and parents in the next cycle. The research may help the stakeholders to gain a new perspective of fun and creative ways to improve activities for Grade 3 students, especially in this better normal.


Bauman, A. E., Sallis, J. F., Dzewaltowski, D. A., Owen, N. (2002). Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: The role of determinants, correlates, causal variables, mediators, moderators, and confounders. Am. J. Prev. Med., 23, 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60735-1.

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic. Front. Public Health, 8, 199. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00199.

Czaja, R. and Blair, J. (2005). Designing surveys: A guide to decisions and procedures (2nd ed.). London: Sage.

de Vaus, D. (1995). Surveys in social research. St Leonards: Allen & Unwin.

Gall, M. D., Gall, J. P., Borg, W. R. (2007). Educational research: An introduction (8th ed.). Boston: Pearson http://digilib.umpalopo.ac.id:8080/jspui/handle/123456789/260.

Jansen, K. J., Corley, K. G., and Jansen, B. J. (2007). E-survey methodology. In R. A. Reynolds, R. Woods, & J. D. Baker (Eds.), Handbook of research on electronic surveys and measurements (pp. 1-8). Hershey: Idea Group Reference.

Kuss, Daria J. and Mark D. Griffiths. (2012). Adolescent online gaming addiction. Education and Health, 30 (1), 15-17. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/...resource/560/07/.

Mahar, M. T., S. K. Murphy, D. A. Rowe, J. Golden, A. T. Shields, and T. D. Raedeke. (2006). Effects of a classroom-based program on physical activity and on-task behavior. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38(12): 2086-2094.

Mcleroy, K. R., Bibeau, D., Steckler, A., Glanz, K. (1988). An Ecological Perspective on Health Promotion Programs. Health Educ. Behav., 15, 351-377. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F109019818801500401.

Piaget, J. (1947). The Psychology of Intelligence. Abingdon: Taylor and Francis.

Piaget, J. (1954). The development of object concept (M. Cook, Trans.). In J. Piaget & M. Cook (Trans.), The construction of reality in the child (pp. 3-96). New York, NY, US: Basic Books. https://doi.org/10.1037/11168-000.

Ricci, F., Izzicupo, P., Moscucci, F., Sciomer, S., Maffei, S., Di Baldassarre, A., Mattioli, A. V., Gallina, S. (2020). Recommendations for Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Behavior During the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00199/full.

Rock, Dave. (2009, October 4). Easily distracted: why it’s hard to focus, and what to do about it. https://www.psychologytoday.com/.../200910/easily-distracted-why-its-hard-focus-and-what-do-about-it.

Sallis, J. F., Cervero, R. B., Ascher, W., Henderson, K. A., Kraft, M. K., Kerr, J. (2006). An ecological approach to creating active living communities. Annu. Rev. Public Health, 2006, 27, 297-322. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth. 27.021405.102100.

van Landeghem, K. (2003). Preventing obesity in youth through school-based efforts. Washington, DC: National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, Health Policy Studies Division.

Walter, M. (2010). Surveys. In M. Walter (Ed.), Social research methods (2nd ed., pp. 151-183). Melbourne, Victoria: Oxford University Press.

How to cite this paper

A Comparative Analysis of Grade 3 Students’ Activities Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

How to cite this paper: Maria Christine M. Morada. (2021). A Comparative Analysis of Grade 3 Students’ Activities Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic. The Educational Review, USA5(7), 226-231.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/er.2021.07.006

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.