Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture /


Indigenous Knowledge for Climate Smart Agriculture—A Review

Date: June 28,2021 |Hits: 498 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Girma Amare*, Dubiso Gacheno

Haramaya University, College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, P.O.Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Girma Amare


Climate change significantly threatens rural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. This is due to rural community of SSA is relatively more susceptible to the effect of climate change than others regions. The SSA region is exposed to climate risk through increased temperature, changes in rainfall patterns and variations in intensity and frequency of extreme weather events such as drought and floods. Even though, there is a changeover generation local farmers have been adjusting to these changes trough their indigenous knowledge which was impulse from one generation to others usually by word of mouth. The objective of this paper is to review indigenous knowledge for Climate Smart Agriculture. Research on Climate Smart Agriculture has revealed that many agricultural technologies and practices that can affect climate change adaptation in agriculture in rural agro-based communities and literature has shown that indigenous people have been excellent in providing weather smart information services. However, adoption of the same demonstrated Climate Smart Agricultural innovations which incorporate indigenous knowledge is still low in developing countries. Thus, strengthening the role of IK in climate change effects controlling is likely to recover adaptation to climate change in smallholder farming communities. Improved adaptation, capacity building and integrating indigenous knowledge with Climate Smart Agriculture practices might be crucial to enhancing effective community resilience to climate change.


[1] Belachew Agere, Mekuria Wuletaw, Nachimuthu K. (2020). Factors influencing adoption of soil and water conservation practices in the northwest Ethiopian highlands, Int Soil Water Conserv Res., 8: 80-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. iswcr.2020.01.005.

[2] Collier, P. and Dercon, S. (2014). African agriculture in 50 years: smallholders in a rapidly changing world? World development, 63: 92-101.

[3] Kagoya, S., Paudel, K. P., Daniel, N. L. (2017). Awareness and adoption of soil and water conservation technologies in a developing country: a case of Nabajuzi Watershed in Central Uganda. Environ Manage, 61(2): 188-196. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-017-0967-4.

[4] IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). (2014). Climate change: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects, Contribution of Working Group 2 to the Fifth Assessment Report of the IJCCSM 12, 2 284, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY: p. 1132.

[5] Mafongoya, P. and Ajayi, O. C. (2017). Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Climate Change Management in Africa, CTA, Wageningen.

[6] Nchu, I. N., Kimengsi, J. N., and Kapp, G. (2019). Diagnosing climate adaptation constraints in rural subsistence farming systems in Cameroon: gender and institutional perspectives. Sustainability, 11(14): p. 3767.

[7] Boansi, D., Tambo, J. A., and Müller, M. (2017). Analysis of farmers’ adaptation to weather extremes in West African Sudan Savanna. Weather and Climate Extremes, 16: 1-13.

[8] Tume, S. J. P., Jumbam, M. S., Nsoseka, N. A., Nyarka, N. D., Yenla, L. J., Njodzeka, N. G. (2018). Role of Media in Climate Change Communication in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. In Handbook of Climate Change Communication: Volume 2, Climate Change Management; Leal Filho, W., Manola, E., Azul, A., Azeiteiro, U., McGhie, H., Eds, Springer, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 47-60.

[9] Kronik, J., Verner, D., Mearns, R., and Norton, A. (2010). The role of indigenous knowledge in crafting adaptation and mitigation strategies for climate change in Latin America. Social Dimensions of Climate Change. The World Bank, Washington DC: p. 145.

[10] Nyong, A., Adesina, F., and Elasha, B. O. (2007). The value of indigenous knowledge in climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in the African Sahel. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 12 No. 5: pp. 787-797.

[11] Odero, K. (2011). The role of indigenous knowledge in responding to climate change: local-global perspectives. Panel 10: Roles of local and indigenous knowledge in addressing climate change. In Proceedings of the African Adapt, Climate Change Symposium, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: pp. 9-11.

[12] Mafongoya, P., Jiri, O., Mubaya, C., and Mafongoya, O. (2017). Using indigenous knowledge for seasonal quality prediction in managing climate risk in Sub-Saharan Africa. Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Climate Change Management in Africa, Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), Wageningen: p. 43.

[13] FAO. (2014). FAO success stories on climate-smart agriculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

[14] FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). (2010). The state of food insecurity in the world. Retrieved from www.fao.org/docrep on Tuesday 2nd February, at 8:45 am.

[15] World Bank. (2010). Development and climate change. Retrieved from site resources. worldbank.org/INTWDR2010/.../WDR10 on Monday January 4, 2016 at 07: 59am. Food and Agriculture Organization. (2013). FAO statistical year book 2013. Retrieved from www.fao. Org/docrep on Friday March 11th 2016 at 7:23pm. 

[16] FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). (2018). Climate Smart Agriculture: Building Resilience to Climate Change. Natural Resource Management and Policy, Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Vol. 52.

[17] Nkonya, E., Jawoo, K., Edward, K., Timothy, J., et al. (2018). Climate risk management through sustainable land and water management in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Lipper, L., McCarthy, N., Zilberman, D., Asfaw, S. and Branca, G. (Eds). Climate Smart Agriculture, Natural Resource Management and Policy, Springer, Cham, Vol. 52, pp. 445-476. 

[18] Teklewold Haile Mariam, Menale Kassie, and Bekele Shiferaw. (2013). Adoption of multiple sustainable agricultural practices in rural Ethiopia, Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 64, No. 3: pp. 597-623.

[19] UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). (1992). United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCC/ INFORMAL/ 84/ Rev.1), Bonn, Germany.

[20] Maslin, M. (2014). Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

[21] Orlove, B., Lazrus, H., Hovelsrud, G. K., and Giannini, A. (2014). Recognitions and responsibilities: On the origins of the uneven attention to climate change around the world. Current Anthropology, 55(3): 249-75.

[22] Mackenzie, R. and Jenkins, M. (2001). Handbook of the convention on biological diversity. Earth scan, London.

[23] Kalanda-Joshua, M., Ngongondo, C., Chipeta, L., and Mpembeka, F. (2011). Integrating indigenous knowledge with conventional science: enhancing localized climate and weather forecasts in Nessa, Mulanje, Malawi, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C. Vol. 36 Nos 14/15: pp. 996-1003.

[24] Roudier, P., Muller, B., d’Aquino, P., Roncoli, C., Soumaré, M. A., Batté, L., and Sultan, B. (2014). The role of climate forecasts in smallholder agriculture: lessons from participatory research in two communities in Senegal, Climate Risk Management. Vol. 2: pp. 42-55.

[25] Hart, T. and Mouton, J. (2005). Indigenous knowledge and its relevance for agriculture: a case study in Uganda, Indilinga: African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems, Vol. 4, No. 1: pp. 249-263.

[26] Van Veldhuizen, L., Waters-Bayer, A., Ramirez, R., Johnson, D. A. and Thompson, J. (1997). Farmers’ Research in Practice: lessons from the Field, Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

[27] Mettrick, H. (1993). Development-Oriented Research in Agriculture. An ICRA Textbook. The International Centre for Devel-opment-Oriented Research in Agriculture (ICRA), Wageningen.

[28] Altieri, M. A. (2004). Linking ecologists and traditional farmers in the search for sustainable agriculture, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol. 2, No. 1: 35-42.

[29] PANW. (2012). Crop rotation benefiting farmers, the environment and economy. Friends of the Earth Europe, EU group and APRODEV.

[30] Haas, H. J., W. O. Willis, and J. J. Bond. (ed.) (1974). Summer fallow in the western United States. USDA-ARS Conserv. Res. Rep., No. 17. U.S. Gov. Print. Office, Washington, DC.

[31] Karlen, D. L., G. E. Varvel, D. G. Bullock, and R. H. Cruse. (1994). Crop rotations for the 21st century. Adv. Agron., 53: 1-45.

[32] Greb, B. W., D. E. Smika, N. P. Woodruff, and C. J. Whitfield. (1974). Summer fallow in the central Great Plains. Pp. 51-85. In H. J. Haas, W. O. Willis, and J. J. Bond (ed.), summer fallow in the western United States. USDAARS Conserv. Res. Rep., No. 17. U.S. Gov. Print. Office, Washington DC.

[33] Kitalyi, A., Nyadzi, G., Lutkamu, M., Swai, R., and Gama, B. (2011). New climate, new agriculture: how Agroforestry contri-butes to meeting the challenges of Agricultural development in Tanzania. Tanzanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 10(1): 1-7.

How to cite this paper

Indigenous Knowledge for Climate Smart Agriculture—A Review

How to cite this paper: Girma Amare, Dubiso Gacheno. (2021) Indigenous Knowledge for Climate Smart Agriculture—A Review. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture5(2), 332-338.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.06.019

Volumes & Issues

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.