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DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jsfa.2018.02.001

Effectiveness Of Fungicide Application Systems In The Control Of Penicillium Digitatum In Oranges In Tucuman Argentina

Date: February 27,2018 |Hits: 818 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Abstract

The citrus green mold caused by Penicillium digitatum produced the main postharvest decay and its control depends on fungicides application. At the present a rotating spray system is used in the packing for fungicide application. The aim of this work was to compare the effectiveness of the rotating spray (rss) and immersion systems (is) for fungi control, measuring the residual active ingredients (rai) in fruits. Orange fruits were inoculated using a punch previously dipped in a spore suspension and stored for 24h at 20ºC and 90% RH. Then fruits received the following treatments: T1 water (control), T2 0.16% IMZ+PRM applied with rss at the packing line, T3 wax+0.2% IMZ with rss at the packing line, T4 dipping in 0.16% IMZ+PRM for 30 seconds, T5 dipping in wax+0.2% IMZl for 30 seconds. Fruits were stored at 4ºC and 90% RH during 15d and then at 20ºC and 90% HR during 7d. Fruit damages were evaluated as % of control (incidence). The residual active ingredients (rai) residue levels were measured in fruit, flesh and essential oil. Results indicated that the best treatment was T4 with 100% control capacity. The rai in fruit were: 2 mg/kg of PRM and 3.8 mg/kg of IMZ, and in essential oil: 104mg/kg of PRMl and 182mg/kg of IMZ. T2 treatment yielded 30 % of control and the rai in fruit were: 1.2mg/kg of PRM and 0.69mg/kg of IMZ and in essential oil: 89mg/kg of PRM and 37mg/kg of IMZ. No residue was de-tected in the flesh. The effectiveness of application system was directly related to the rai level found in fruits and essential oil.

References

How to cite this paper

Effectiveness Of Fungicide Application Systems In The Control Of Penicillium Digitatum In Oranges In Tucuman Argentina
Torres Leal, G.J1; Kamiya, N.2; Carbajo, M.S3; Lacina, M.4; Farias: M.F5.
1Jefe de División Frutihorticultura de la EEA Famaillá (Provincia de Tucumán) de INTA.
2Responsable de área Laboratorio de Análisis de plaguicidas, Sección Química, EEAOC.
3División Frutihorticultura de la EEA Famaillá (Provincia de Tucumán) de INTA.
4Coordinadora del Área Instrumental de los Laboratorios de la Sección Química, EEAOC.
5División Frutihorticultura de la EEA Famaillá (Provincia de Tucumán) de INTA.
Corresponding author: Torres Leal, G.J, Jefe de División Frutihorticultura de la EEA Famaillá (Provincia de Tucumán) de INTA
How to cite this paper: Torres Leal, G.J., et al. (2018) Effectiveness Of Fun-gicide Application Systems In The Con-trol Of Penicillium Digitatum In Orang-es In Tucuman Argentina. The Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2(2), 30-34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/jsfa.2018.02.001

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