Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture /

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.06.003

Influence of Natural and Artificial Soil Conditioners on Water Holding Capacity and Hydraulic Conductivity of Sandy Soils

Date: April 13,2021 |Hits: 242 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Faisal Zeineldin1,*, Khalid Biro1, Abdulrahman O. Alghannam2

1Water Studies Centre, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Al-Hassa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

2Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food Science, Al-Hofuf, Al-Hassa 31982, Saudi Arabia.

*Corresponding author: Faisal Zeineldin

Abstract

Hot climatic condition of arid and semi-arid regions trigger rates of high evaporative water demand on the cultivated areas. Also, domination of coarse textured soils has negative impact on water use efficiency and nutrient availability. Coarse textured soils, sandy or loamy sand soils, dictated most soils of the agricultural regions of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Therefore, there is a need for adoption of appropriate agricultural practices of water conservation. Hydraulic properties of the coarse textured soils enhance drainage of irrigation water and nutrient away below the root zone. The objective of the study was to investigate influence addition of super-absorbent polymer as an artificial conditioner, dry cattle manure, date palm biochar and clay soil as natural conditioners on hydraulic properties of sandy soils. Water holding capacity (WHC) of amended sandy soils by the conditioners were evaluated against varying low soil matric tensions (-0.2, -0.4, -0.6, -0.8 and -1 bars). Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) of the amended sandy soils was assessed in laboratory with a digital pressure censored apparatus. The outcomes showed all conditioners except the polymer enhanced the retention ability of sandy soils and decreased the Ks. WHC of the amended sandy soils increased by 379%, 200%, 74% and 32%, respectively, due to addition of 10% date palm biochar, 0.4% K-HCP polymer, 10% silt-clay-loam soil and 10% cattle manure. The Ks of sandy soil (control) decreased by 74%, 59% and 47%, respectively, due to addition of date palm biochar, silt-clay-loam, and cattle manure, but to the K-HCP polymer increased by 31%. Natural soil conditioners attested to be very effective in improving WHC and reducing Ks of sandy soils.

References

[1] Brouwer, J. and Anderson, H. (2000). Water holding capacity of ironstone gravel in a typic plinthoxeralf in southeast Australia. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64: 1603-1608.

[2] Hillel, D. (2003). Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics. Elsevier. Amsterdam.

[3] USDA. (2010). Keys to Soil Taxonomy. Soil Survey Staff, Washington.

[4] Lehmann, J. and Joseph, S. (2009). Biochar for environmental management: Science and Technology. London, GB: Earthscan.

[5] Potter, S. R., Andrews, S., Atwood, J. D., Kellogg, R. L., Lemunyon, J., Norfleet, L., and Oman, D. (2006). Model Simulation of Soil Loss, Nutrient Loss, and Change in Soil Organic Carbon Associated with Crop Production. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Conservation Effects Assessment Project Report.

[6] Gamie, R., De Smedt, F. (2018). Experimental and statistical study of saturated hydraulic conductivity and relations with other soil properties of a desert soil. European Journal of Soil Science, 69: 256-264.

[7] Bhardway, A. K., Shainberg, I., Goldstein, D., Warrington, D. N., and Levy, G. J. (2007). Water Retention and Hydraulic Conductivity of Cross-linked Polyacrylamides in Sandy Soils. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 71, 2; Proquest, p. 406.

[8] Maraseni, T. N. (2010). Maximizing the benefits. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 67, 319-327. 

[9] Demir, Y. and Dogan, D. A. (2019). The effect of organic matter applications on the saturated hydraulic conductivity and available water-holding capacity of sandy soils. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 17(2): 3137-3146. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1702_31373146.

[10] Humberto, B., Gary, W. H., and Rex, A. N. (2015). Cattle manure application reduces compatibility and increases water retention. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 79: 212-223.

[11] Walia, M. K., Walia, S. S., and Dhaliwal, S. S. (2010). Long-term effect of integrated nutrient management of properties of Typic Ustochrept after 23 cycles of an irrigated rice (Oryza sativa L.)–wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) system. J. Sustain. Agric., 34: 724-743. doi:10.1080/10440046.2010.507519.

[12] Zhang, S., Yang, X., Wiss, M., Grip, H., and Lovdahl, L. (2006). Changes in physical properties of a loess soil in China fol-lowing two long-term fertilization regimes. Geoderma, 136: 579-587. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2006.04.015.

[13] Huttermann, A., Zommorodi, M., and Reise, K. (1999). Addition of hydrogels to soil for prolonging the survival of Pinus hale-pensis seedlings subjected to drought. Soil and Tillage Research. Volume 50, Issues 3-4. Pp. 295-304.

[14] Yu, O. Y., Harper, H., Hoepfl, M., and Domemuth, D. (2017). Characterization of Boichar and its Effects on Water Holding Capacity of Loamy Sand Soil: Comparison of Hemlock Biochar and Switchblade Grass Biochar Characteristics. Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, Vol. 36, No. 5, pp. 1474-1479.

[15] Yu, O. Y., Brian, R., and Sam, S. (2013). Impact of biochar on water holding capacity of loamy sand soil. International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering. http://www.jounal.ijeee.com/content/4/1/44.

[16] Toková, L., Dušan, I., Ján, H., and Elena, A. (2020). Effect of Biochar Application and Re-Application on Soil Bulk Density, Porosity, Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity, Water Content and Soil Water Availability in a Silty Loam Haplic Luvisol. Agronomy, 10, 1005. Doi: 10.3390/agronomy10071005.

[17] Mazloomi F. and Jalali, M. J. (2019). Effects of vermiculite, nanoclay and zeolite on ammonium transport through saturated sandy loam soil: Column experiments and modeling approaches. Catena, 176: 170-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2019.01.014.

[18] Mi, J., Edward, G. G., Shengtao, X., Neil, B. M., Bin, M., and Jinghui, L. (2020). Effect of bentonite as a soil amendment on field water-holding capacity, and millet photosynthesis and grain quality. Scientific Reports, 10: 18282. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-75350-9. Nature research.

[19] Padidar, M., Ahmad, J., Kamran, A., Majid, A., Payam, N., Naser, H, and Jaber, F. (2016). The impacts of nanoclay on sandy soil stability and atmospheric dust control. Agriculture Conspectus Scientificus. Vol. 81, No. 4 (pp. 193-196).

[20] El-Nagar, D. A., Dalal, H. S. (2021). Synthesis and characterization of nano bentonite and its effect on some properties of sandy soils. Soil &Tillage Research, 208: 104872. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2020.104872.

[21] Mi, J., Gregorich, E. D., Xu, S., McLaughlin, N. B., Ma, B., and Liu, J. (2021). Changes in soil biochemical properties following application of bentonite as a soil amendment. European Journal of Soil Biology, 102: 103251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2020.103251.

[22] Abd El-Rehim, H. A., El-Sayed, A., Hegazy, A., and Abd El-Mohdy, H. L. (2004). Radiation Synthesis of Hydrogels to Enhance Sandy, Soils Water Retention and Increase Plant Performance. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2004, Volume 93, Issue 3. 

[23] Abd El-Rehim, H. A., El-Sayed, A. Hegazy A., Abd El-Mohdy, H. L. (2006). Effect of various Environmental conditions on the Swelling property of PAAm/PAAcK superabsorbent hydrogel prepared by ionizing radiation. Journal of applied Polymer science, Volume 101, Issue 6. 

[24] Silberbush, M., Adar, E., and Malach, Y. De. (1993). Use of an hydrophilic polymer to improve water storage and availability to crops grown in sand dunes II. Cabbage irrigated by sprinkling with different salinities. Agricultural Water Management. Vol. 23, Issue 4. Pp. 315-327.

[25] Sivapalan, S. (2001). Effect of polymer on soil water holding capacity and plant water use efficiency. Proceedings of the 10th Australian Agronomy Conference, Australian Society of Agronomy.

[26] Heyder, A. K., Narges, Z. (2013). The Effect of Superabsorbent Polymers on the Water Holding Capacity and Water Potential of Karkhe Noor Sandy Soils. International Journal of Scientific Research in Knowledge (IJSRK), 1(9), pp. 317-324.

How to cite this paper

Influence of Natural and Artificial Soil Conditioners on Water Holding Capacity and Hydraulic Conductivity of Sandy Soils

How to cite this paper: Faisal Zeineldin, Khalid Biro, Abdulrahman O. Alghannam. (2021) Influence of Natural and Artificial Soil Conditioners on Water Holding Capacity and Hydraulic Conductivity of Sandy Soils. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture5(2), 219-227.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2021.06.003

Volumes & Issues

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.