Kathmandu valley is highly populated and most severe localized food insecure area, with limited land available for food, fiber and flower production in Nepal. Relevant literatures and available data were reviewed to find the trend of food availability and consumption in relation to developing strategies for sustained production and supply in the valley, in the year 2018. Study revealed that, the Import Dependency Ratio (IDR) of pulses, sugar, silk, jute, rubber, cotton, tea and wool were 100% in Kathmandu valley in 2018. Where, the IDR of fish was 99.1%, coffee 92.9%, oils and ghee 90.8%, spices 89.1%, potato 87.7%, cereals 87.4%, milk 86.1%, eggs 85.9%, meat 85.2%, vegetables 81.9%, fruits 70.8%, cut flowers 74.0% and honey 43.6%. However, there was a scope to restore the self sufficiency on vegetables, potato, spices, and honey and minimizing the import of cereals, fruits, milk, meat and eggs through the adoption of improved urban agriculture in Kathmandu valley. Moreover, establishment of new commercial agriculture farms, expansion of cropping area/heard sizes and raising the productivity in/around valley and across the country, can restore the food/fiber/flower sufficiency. It needs to increase investment on agriculture, improve food habit and the consumption pattern, prioritize food production and distribution system, maintain at least 50% food deficit as buffer stocks, establish high tech agriculture infra-structures, mechanization, linking rural community to valley markets with strong planned, coordinated and participatory food and nutrition programs. It also needs to invest the rural agriculture by the valley/urban economy.
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