International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

ISSN Print: 2578-3467 Downloads: 131755 Total View: 2347675
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Article http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2024.06.002

Physiochemical Composition, Nutritional Value, and Health Benefits of Mithun Milk

Mahendra Pal1,*, Firaol Tariku2

1Narayan Consultancy of Veterinary Public Health, and Microbiology, Bharuch, Gujarat, India.

2Nono Woreda Agricultural Office, Silk-Amba, West Shewa Zone, Ambo, Oromia, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author: Mahendra Pal

Published: July 5,2024

Abstract

Since antiquity, milk has been considered an important source of food. Milk is a biological fluid obtained from the healthy mammary glands of dairy animals. It is rich in several macronutrients and micronutrients essential for maintaining good health. Mithun (Bos frontalis), a rare semi-domesticated bovine species, is found in mountainous regions, mainly in the Northeastern Hills of India, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. It holds significant promise as a nutrient-rich food source with potential health benefits. The total population of mithun in India was estimated as 0.29 million in 2012. Compared to conventional bovine milk, mithun milk exhibits higher levels of protein, fat, solids-not-fat (SNF), calcium, and essential nutrients like calcium, phosphorus, and vitamins A, D, and E, making it a valuable source of nutrients for bone health, tissue repair, and immune function. Mithun milk also contains bioactive compounds like lactoferrin and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which confer antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. These compounds further enhance the health-promoting potential of mithun milk. Although milk of mithun has a lower yield, raising awareness and promoting its consumption could yield significant benefits for public health and rural economies. This review examines mithun milk's chemical composition, nutritional value, and health benefits, emphasizing its significance for rural communities and consumers seeking nutrient-rich foods.

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How to cite this paper

Physiochemical Composition, Nutritional Value, and Health Benefits of Mithun Milk

How to cite this paper: Mahendra Pal, Firaol Tariku. (2024) Physiochemical Composition, Nutritional Value, and Health Benefits of Mithun MilkInternational Journal of Food Science and Agriculture8(2), 64-67.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2024.06.002