Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / The Educational Review, USA /


School Principal’s Strategies in Strengthening Institutional Characters as Educational Leaders for Global Era: A Theoretical Context

Date: March 10,2020 |Hits: 2397 Download PDF How to cite this paper


Education Administration Department, Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia.

*Corresponding author: Juharyanto, Education Administration, Faculty of Education, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia.


The development of education and schooling from time to time not only been on the aspect of their institutions, but also on the role and core of the content carried out and taught, in accordance with the direction of government policy and global trends. The empowering the character had been becoming an issue the government to be realized. Each learner must be integrating the character values for their nowadays and future era. As a change agent, the principal strategic positions must guarantee to make it happen.  The school principal is the key figure and strategically having strong position to strengthen the character. Therefore, it is important to principals to know various strategies to strengthen the students’ character, especially in accordance with the global trends and development.


Adair, J. (2003). Effective Leadership: How to Develop Leadership Skills.

Adair, J. (2007). Develop Your Leadership Skills. Philadelphia, USA: Kogan Page.

Ahmady, G. A., Nikooravesh, A., & Mehrpour, M. (2016). Effect of Organizational Culture on knowledge Management Based on Denison Model. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.09.049

Ainscow  Beresford, J., Harris, A., Hopkins, D., Southworth, G., and West, M., M. (2000). Creating the Conditions for School Improvement (Vol. 2nd). David Fulton.

Al’Abri, K. (2011). The Impact of Globalization on Education Policy of Developing Countries: Oman as an Example. Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal, 2(4), 491–502. https://doi.org/10.20533/licej.2040.2589.2011.0068

Allport, F. H., & Allport, G. W. (1921). Personality Traits: Their Classification and Measurement. Journal of Abnormal Psychology and Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0069790

Allport, G. W. (1927). Concepts of trait and personality. Psychological Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0073629

Amanchukwu, R. N., Stanley, G. J., Ololube, N. P., Amanchukwu, R. N., Stanley, G. J., & Ololube, N. P. (2015). A Review of Leadership Theories, Principles and Styles and Their Relevance to Educational Management. Management.

Ausubel, D. P., & Piaget, J. (1968). Ausubel ’ s Learning Theory. Fakultas Pendidikan.

Bafadal, I. (1995). Proses Perubahan di Sekolah: Studi Multisitus pada Tiga Sekolah Dasar yang Baik di Sumekar. Institut Kaguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Malang.

Berkowitz, M. W. (2003). The Science of Character Education. Bringing in a New Era in Character Education.

Berkowitz, M. W., & Hoppe, M. A. (2009). Character education and gifted children. High Ability Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/13598130903358493

Bezzina, C. (2000). Educational leadership for twenty-first century Malta: breaking the bonds of dependency. International Journal of Educational Management, 299–307. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513540010378950

Bezzina, G. (1995). The Maltese Primary School Principalship: Perception, Roles and Responsibilities. Brunei University School of Education.

Bezzina, M. (2012). Paying Attention to Moral Purpose in Leading Learning: Lessons from the Leaders Transforming Learning and Learners Project. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 40(2), 248–271. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143211427979

Bhindi and Duignan. (1997). Leadership for a New Century, Authenticity, Intentionality, Spirituality and Sensibility. Educational Management & Administration, 25(2), 117.

Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2006). Resonant Leadership. Personnel Psychology, 59(2), 467–471. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2006.00043_4.x

Brinia, V., Zimianiti, L., & Panagiotopoulos, K. (2014). The role of the principal’s emotional intelligence in primary education leadership. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 42(4 Suppl), 28–44. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143213513183

Brown, J. and Townsend, R. (1997). Developing an ethical framework, Thrust for Educational Leadership, 27(3), 12–14.

Brown, L. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2001). Exploring the relationship between learning and leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 22(6), 274–280. https://doi.org/10.1108/01437730110403204

Buell, N. A. (1992). Principal ’ s Leadership Challenge E ffective school leaders have. October, 88–92. https://doi.org/10.1177/019263659207654214

Bush, T. (2016). Preparing new principals : Professional and organisational socialisation, 44(1), 3–5. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143215620317

Carducci, B. J. (2009). The Psychology of Personality: Viewpoints, Research, and Applications. Wiley Blackwell.

Champy, J. (1995). Reengineering management: The mandate for new leadership. Industry Week (Vol. 244). New York: Harper-Collins. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Cherian, F. & Daniel, Y. (2008). Principal Leadership in New Teacher Induction: Becoming Agents of Change. International Journal of Education Policy & Leadership, 3(2), 1–11.

Collins, J., & Porras, J. (1996). Building Your Company ’ S Vision. Harvard Business Review, 74(5), 65–77.

Covey, S. (2009). Leadership great leaders, great teams, great results.

Creemers, B. P. M., & Reezigt, G. J. (2005). The role of school and classroom climate in elementary school learning environments. In School Climate: Measuring, Improving and Sustaining Healthy Learning Environments. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203983980-8

Crowther, F. and Limerick, B. (1988). Leaders as learners: implications for postmodern leader development. International Studies in Educational Administration, 26(2).

Cummings, W. K., Arimoto, A., Enders, J., Metcalfe, A., Musselin, C., Santiago, R., … Wohluter, C. (2011). Changing Governance and Management in Higher Education.

Damayanti, D. F., Widjanarko, B., & Purnami, C. T. (2016). Analisis Peran Manajerial Pengurus Ikatan Bidan Indonesia (IBI) dalam Pelaksanaan Program Peningkatan Pemberian Asi (PPASI) di Wilayah Kota Pontianak. Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Indonesia.

DeCenzo, D. A., & Robbins, S. P. (2008). Fundamentals of Human Resource Management (10th edition) BY David A. DeCenzo, Stephen P. Robbins-Wiley (2009).

Denison, D. R. (1996). What is the Difference between Organizational Culture and Organizational Climate? A Native’s Point of View on a Decade of Paradigm Wars. The Academy of Management Review. https://doi.org/10.2307/258997

Devries, K. M., Allen, E., Child, J. C., Walakira, E., Parkes, J., Elbourne, D., … Naker, D. (2013). The Good Schools Toolkit to prevent violence against children in Ugandan primary schools: Study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial. Trials. https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-14-232

Duignan, P. (1988). Authenticity in leadership: the rhetoric and the reality. In ATEE 23rd Annual Conference. Limerick, Ireland.

Fritz, R. (1996). Corporate Tides: The Inescapable Laws of Organizational Structure. San Francisco: Berret-Koehler Publishers. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/Corporate-Tides-Inescapable-Organizational-Structure/dp/1881052885

Fullan, M. (2013). Great to Excellent: Launching the next stage of Ontario’s education agenda.

Fullan, Michael, & Michael Fullan. (2007). The New Meaning of Educational Change. New York: Teachers College Press.

Goodlad, L. (2017). Moral character. In Historicism and the Human Sciences in Victorian Britain. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316711286.006

Goodlad, R., Burton, P., & Croft, J. (2005). Effectiveness at what? The processes and impact of community involvement in area-based initiatives. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy. https://doi.org/10.1068/c45m

Gotts, E. E., & Purnell, R. F. (1987a). Practicing School-Family Relations in Urban Settings. Education and Urban Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013124587019002009

Gotts, E. E., & Purnell, R. F. (1987b). School-family relations and effective schools. Education and Urban Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013124587019002001

Harrison, D., Price, K., & Bell, M. (1998). Beyond relational demography: Time and the effects of surface- and deep-level diversity on work group cohesion. Academy of Management Journal, 41, 96–107.

Hokanson, B., & Gibbons, A. (2014). Design in Educational Technology. Design Thinking, Design Process, and the Design Studio. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00927-8

Hughes, R. L., Ginnett, R. C., & Curphy, G. J. (2012). Leadership: Memperkaya pelajaran dari pengalaman. Edisi Tujuh. Jakarta: Penerbit Salemba Humanika. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Imron Arifin; Juharyanto, etc; Mustiningsih; Ahmad Taufiq. (2018). Islamic Crash Course as a Leadership Strategy of School Principals in Strengthening School Organizational Culture. SAGE Open, 8(3), 215824401879984.


Juharyanto, Sultoni, Arifin, I., Nurabadi, A. (2019). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dalam Penguatan Peran Multi-Stakeholders Forum: Masalah dan Strategi Solutif Peningkatan Mutu SD – SMP Satu Atap di Daerah Terpencil. Sekolah Dasar: Kajian Teori Dan Praktik Pendidikan, 82(01), 1–10.

Juharyanto. (2012). Implementasi Kompetensi Kepala Sekolah Sebagai Agen Perubahan pada Sekolah Berprestasi: Studi Multi Kasus Pada Tiga SD/MI Berprestasi Di Kabupaten Bondowoso, Kabupaten Jember dan Kabupaten Situbondo. Ph.D Thesis Universitas Negeri Malang.

Juharyanto. (2014). Internalisasi Nilai Karakter Dalam Membangun Kultur Organisasi Pendidikan Studi Kasus pada Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Bondowoso. Jurnal Pendidikan Lentera Dinas Pendidikan Kabupaten Bondowoso, 1(1). Retrieved from https://www.scribd.com/doc/212222730/Isi-Jurnal-Edisi-Perdana-14-02-2014

Juharyanto. (2017a). Kepemimpinan unggul Kepala Sekolah Dasar Daerah Terpencil (Studi Multisitus pada Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Bondowoso). Jurnal Sekolah Dasar, 1(Tahun 26). Retrieved from url: http://jurnal.fip.um.ac.id/sekolahdasar

Juharyanto. (2017b). Kepemimpinan unggul Kepala Sekolah Dasar Daerah Terpencil (Studi Multisitus pada Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Bondowoso). Jurnal Sekolah Dasar, 1(Tahun 26), 89–100. Retrieved from url: http://jurnal.fip.um.ac.id/sekolahdasar

Juharyanto, J. (2017c). Implementation of Principal Personality Competency as a Change Agent on School Achievement in Remote Area One Roof School. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Educational Management and Administration (CoEMA 2017), (October). https://doi.org/10.2991/coema-17.2017.7

Juharyanto, Yusuf Sobri, A., & Nurabadi, A. (2019). The Principal Leadership in Strengthening Elementary School Education Character. https://doi.org/10.2991/icet-18.2018.38

Lezotte, L. W. (1989). School improvement based on the effective schools research. International Journal of Educational Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/0883-0355(89)90031-1

Lickona, T. (1996). Eleven principles of effective character education. Journal of Moral Education, 25(1), 93–100. https://doi.org/10.1080/0305724960250110

Lickona, T. (2004). Educating for character : how our schools can teach respect and responsibility. New York: The New York Times Company.

Marzali, A. (2014). Pergeseran Orientasi Nilai Kultural dan Keagamaan di Indonesia (Sebuah Esai dalam Rangka Mengenang Almarhum Prof. Koentjaraningrat). Antropologi Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.7454/ai.v30i3.3566

Mattox, M., & Luo, D. (2003). Partnering: the new face of leadership. Leadership. https://doi.org/10.1108/17511870810893010

Mcewen, A., & Salters, M. (1997). Values and Management: The role of the primary school headteacher. School Leadership & Management, 17(1), 69–80. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632439770177

Mitchell, C., & Sackney, L. (2016). School improvement in high-capacity schools : Educational leadership and living-systems ontology, 44(5), 853–868. https://doi.org/10.1177/1741143214564772

Mukhlisoh, M., & Suwarno, S. (2019). Implementasi Manajemen Pendidikan Karakter Di Sekolah. Jurnal Darussalam: Jurnal Pendidikan, Komunikasi Dan Pemikiran Hukum Islam. https://doi.org/10.30739/darussalam.v11i1.449

Murphy, J. (2015). Creating communities of professionalism: addressing cultural and structural barriers. Journal of Educational Administration, 53(2), 154–176. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEA-10-2013-0119

Narti, Y., Setyosari, P., Degeng, I. N. S., & Dwiyogo, W. D. (2016). Thematic Learning Implementation in Elementary School (Phenomenology Studies in Pamotan SDN 01 and 01 Majangtengah Dampit Malang). International Journal of Science and Research, 5(11), 1849–1855. https://doi.org/10.21275/ART20163223

Nurhasanah, N., Nadiroh, & Nafiah, M. (2019). Developed Students Character at Elementary School through Wordless Picture Book. https://doi.org/10.2991/icesshum-19.2019.3

Owens, B. P., Johnson, M. D., & Mitchell, T. R. (2013). Expressed humility in organizations: Implications for performance, teams, and leadership. Organization Science. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1120.0795

Palmer, S. B., Wehmeyer, M. L., Shogren, K. A., Williams-Diehm, K. L., & Soukup, J. H. (2012). An Evaluation of the Beyond High School Model on the Self- Determination of Students With Intellectual Disability. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885728811432165

Peter Mortimore; Jo Mortimore. (1991). The Secondary head : roles, responsibilities, and reflections. London: P. Chapman Pub.

Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (2010). Psikologi Anak. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Prof. Dr. Koentjaraningrat. (2007). “Manusia dan Kebudayaan Di Indonesia.” Djambatan.


Purkey, S. C., & Smith, M. S. (1983). Effective Schools: A Review. The Elementary School Journal. https://doi.org/10.1086/461325

Robbins, S. P. (1989). Organizational behavior : concepts, controversies, and applications. Englewood Clift, New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Retrieved from http://www.worldcat.org/title/organizational-behavior-concepts-controversies-and-applications/oclc/20862665

Robert W Terry; Harlan Cleveland. (1993). Authentic leadership : courage in action. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Schmidt, G. B. (2014). Virtual leadership: An important leadership context. Industrial and Organizational Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/iops.12129

Sergiovanni, T. J. et al. (1987). Educational Governance and Administration (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Sergiovanni, T. J., & Green, R. L. (2015). Principalship: A reflective practice perspective (6th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Siradjuddin, Azmi, S. A. (2014). Hukum Ekonomi. Jurnal Adzkiya.

Stephen P. Robbins, M. K. C. (2005). Management. Pearson Prentice Hall.

Su, Z., Gamage, D., & Mininberg, E. (2003). Professional preparation and development of school leaders in Australia and the USA. International Education Journal, 4(1), 42–59.

Suwarno, & Farida, L. A. (2015). Aktualisasi Bimbingan dan Konseling pada Pendidikan Dasar Menuju Peserta Didik yang Berkarakter. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Dan Call For Papers.

Swann, R. (1997). Compassionate leadership in schools. International Studies in Educational Administration, 26(1). Retrieved from http://minerva-access.saturn.its.unimelb.edu.au/handle/123456789/208463

Sylvia Downs. (1995). Learning at work : effective strategies for making things happen. London: Kogan Page.

Thomas Teal. (1996). Invite Friends. Harvard Business Review, 1–6.

Timmermans, A. C., van der Werf, M. P. C. G., & Rubie-Davies, C. M. (2019). The interpersonal character of teacher expectations: The perceived teacher-student relationship as an antecedent of teachers’ track recommendations. Journal of School Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsp.2019.02.004

Tobin, J. (2014). Management and leadership issues for school building leaders. NCPEA International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation.

Wang, J., & Kühlmann, T. M. (2015). Globalization of leadership development: An empirical study of impact on German and Chinese managers. Globalization of Leadership Development: An Empirical Study of Impact on German and Chinese Managers, 1–426. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-06864-6

How to cite this paper

School Principal’s Strategies in Strengthening Institutional Characters as Educational Leaders for Global Era: A Theoretical Context

How to cite this paper: Juharyanto(2020). School Principal’s Strategies in Strengthening Institutional Characters as Educational Leaders for Global Era: A Theoretical Context. The Educational Review, USA, 4(3), 54-65.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/er.2020.03.002

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.