International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

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Integrating Water-Energy-Food Nexus Innovations and Practices into Policy, Governance and Institutional Frameworks for Sustainable Development in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa: Literature Review

Emmanuel Mwendera1,*, K. D. Musetsho2, T. Madzivhandila3, R. Makungo4, N. S. Mamphweli5, K. A. Nephawe6, T. Volenzo4

1Clovita Consulting Services, Silverton, Pretoria, South Africa.

2University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa.

3The Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN), Pretoria, South Africa.

4Faculty of Science, Engineering and Agriculture, Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa.

5South African National Energy Development Institute (SANEDI), Pretoria, South Africa.

6Ozone Agri Development Solutions, Pretoria, South Africa.

*Corresponding author: Emmanuel Mwendera

Published: September 26,2023


A review was conducted on the body of literature that covers areas such as global perspectives of water-energy-food (WEF) nexus, the need for WEF nexus solutions, WEF nexus interlink ages and frameworks, the WEF nexus research in South Africa, WEF nexus innovations and practices, policy and governance and institutional dimensions of WEF nexus and the application of WEF nexus solutions at the household and community levels. Literature searches were carried out in the indexed database Scopus©. Word clouds were used as indicators of search content summaries. Two searches on Scopus were carried out. The first search had search words of: ("Water-energy-food" OR “WEF” AND "South Africa" AND (Limit-To (Language, “English”)), and it yielded 32 articles from 2003 to 2022. The second search had search words of: ("Water-energy-food" OR "WEF" OR "water policy" OR "water governance" AND "South Africa" AND (Limit-To (Language, “English”)), and it yielded 260 articles from 1996 to 2022. The review findings showed that there are various methods and approaches for conducting research on the WEF nexus approach. These approaches provided the basis for developing the methodology for the current study. The literature review findings also highlighted the need to understand the existing and potential WEF nexus innovations and practices applied at the household and community levels and how existing policies and governance systems affect the use and management of WEF resources at these levels. Based on the literature review, it was decided that the ongoing research should focus on WEF nexus innovations and practices applied at the household and community levels, and on how existing policies, governance and institutional systems affect the use and management of WEF resources at these levels, in order to contribute to existing body of knowledge on WEF nexus.


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How to cite this paper

Integrating Water-Energy-Food Nexus Innovations and Practices into Policy, Governance and Institutional Frameworks for Sustainable Development in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa: Literature Review

How to cite this paper: Emmanuel Mwendera, K. D. Musetsho, T. Madzivhandila, R. Makungo, N. S. Mamphweli, K. A. Nephawe, T. Volenzo. (2023) Integrating Water-Energy-Food Nexus Innovations and Practices into Policy, Governance and Institutional Frameworks for Sustainable Development in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa: Literature Review. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture7(3), 346-359.