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Park People Conflict Management and its Control Measures in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

Date: August 30,2019 |Hits: 1758 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Hari K.Poudel

Truman School of Public Affairs, Columbia, MO, USA.

*Corresponding author: Hari K Poudel, Email: haripoudel@mail.missouri.edu


Biodiversity conservation through participatory approach has been increasingly practiced in the different National Parks in Nepal for more than two decades. However, the living conditions of the local communities and cooperativeness of the park authorities are two fundamental aspects of the biodiversity conservation. This paper investigates the natural resource-based conflict and its control initiatives in Chitwan National Park. The household-level information on sociodemographic characteristics, park-people interface, crop raiding and livestock depredation, human and animal losses were collected through a questionnaire survey of 90 households comprising of 45 households living close to the Park and 45 households living far from the Park. Fifteen park authorities were also interviewed to explore their perceptions and experiences during the protection of resources in the Park. Key conflicting issues were identified during the collection of roofing and thatching materials, fuelwood, timber, and livestock grazing in the nearby forest. Majority of the respondents reported conflicting issues on insufficient permission period to collect roofing and thatching materials and fuelwood; started banning animal grazing in the public forest and park; inadequate compensation to the community for the human, domestic animals and crop damage due to wildlife entrance; unhelpful behaviors of park administration; and lack of measures to control monsoon flooding. These results point some necessary policy improvements and action to ameliorate: the relationship between the park administration and communities, Park management and governance mechanisms, and enterprise-based community development and conservation outcomes.


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How to cite this paper

Park People Conflict Management and its Control Measures in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

How to cite this paper: Poudel, H. K. (2019) Park People Conflict Management and its Control Measures in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 3(3), 176-179.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2019.09.005

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