Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / The Educational Review, USA /


From the Lens of Gender: The Influence of School Gender Education on Sports Involvement of Adolescent Students

Date: April 25,2023 |Hits: 871 Download PDF How to cite this paper

Jun Chen1,#,*, Yuqin Deng2,#, Lan Xu3,#, Siyang Yu4,#, Xiangqian Yu5,#

1The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

2Grace Christian Academy Guangzhou Campus, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

3Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

4South China Normal University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

5University of California, Irvine, CA, United States.

#Those authors contributed equally to this manuscript.

*Corresponding author: Jun Chen


The idea that students would benefit from sports participation has been widely accepted over the last decade. A study about the relationship between academic performance and physical activity finds out that Kids who engaged in vigorous physical activities scored 10% higher in math, science, English, and social studies than students who did not or did little engagement in intense physical activities. Unfortunately, there exists a huge participation gap between girls and boys when it comes to sports. Research shows that there is about a 25 percentage point gender gap in school sports participation in the 21st century so far. With this par-ticipation gap, girls are gaining much fewer benefits than boys from sports par-ticipation. With a focus on the influence of school gender education on sports involvement of adolescent students, this paper employs a self-developed exten-sion of analytical frameworks from relevant Chinese and Western literature to discuss the current situation of sports involvement, the current gender education curriculum, and the influence of gender education on sports involvement through case analysis. Based on the study, suggestions will be proposed for the further development of the gender education curriculum.


Akpakwu, O.S., et al. (2014). Gender Equality in Schools: Implications for the Curriculum, Teaching and Classroom Interaction. Journal of Education and Practice, Vol.5, No.32, 2014:7-12.

Alley, T. R., & Hicks, C. M. (2005). Peer attitudes towards adolescents participants in male- and female-oriented sports. Adolescence, 40, 273-280.

Atkinson, Paul. (1985). Strong mmds and weak bodies Sports, gymnastics and the medicalization of women’s education. The British Journal of Sports History, 2(l), 62-71. 

Bohnert, Amy M., et al. “Regrouping: Organized Activity Involvement and Social Adjustment. Across the Transition to High School.” New Directions for Child & Adolescent Development, 2013.140 (2013): 57‐75.

Chen Jinao, Cai Haogang, Lu Aming, Yin Mingkun, & Xu Yuxiang. (2015). Correlation study on Influencing Factors of juvenile sports involvement. Journal of Chengdu Institute of Physical Education, (02),121-126. doi:10.15942/j.jcsu.2015.02.023.

Coe, D. P., et al. “Effect of Physical Education and Activity Levels on Academic Achievement in Children.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38.8 (2006): 1515-1519. 

Cul Margo and Portuges, Catherine, eds. (1985). Gendered subjects. The Dynamics of Femrntst. lkachmg Routledge and Kegan Paul, London.

Darling, Nancy, et al. “Participation in School‐based Extracurricular Activities and Adolescent. Adjustment.” Journal of Leisure Research, 37.1 (2005): 51‐76.

Deaner, R. O., Geary, D. C., Puts, D. A., Ham, S. A., Kruger, J., Fles, E., ... & Grandis, T. (2012). A sex difference in the predisposition for physical competition: males play sports much more than females even in the contemporary US. PloS one, 7(11), e49168.

Dewar, A. M. (2002, July 4). The social construction of gender in Physical Education. Women's Studies International Forum. 

Retrieved August 17, 2022, from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0277539587900628 

Dewar, Ahson. (1986). The social construction of gender m a physical education programme. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. 

Ding Xiaoyan, Hong Ping, & Zhang Yunkun. (2019). Current situation of physical exercise of urban primary and secondary school students in Nanjing. School health in China, (12), 1812-1814+1819. doi:10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.12.013.

Eckert, P., & McConnell-Ginet, S. (2013). Language and gender. Cambridge University Press.

Eder, D. (1995). School talk: Gender and adolescent culture. Rutgers University Press, Livingston. Campus, Building 4161, PO Box 5062, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 (Cloth: ISBN-0-8135-2178-5, $40; Paper: ISBN-0-8135-2179-3, $15).

ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education & ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education. (1998). Contextual teaching and learning: Preparing teachers to enhance student success in the workplace and beyond. Information series no. 376. Columbus, OH: Center on Education and Training for Employment. 

Feng, J. Y. (2015). The Guide Book of Gender Equality Education for Elementary and Secondary Schools. South China University of Technology. 9787562348450.

Kenyon, Gerald S. (1969). Sport Involvement: A Conceptual and Some Consequences Thereof, in Aspects of Contemporary Sport Sociology [M]. Chicago: The Athletic Institute, 1969.

Lamptey, A., Gaidzanwa, R. B., Mulugeta, E., Samra, S., Shumba, O., Assie-Lumumba, N., ... & Kurki, T. (2015). A guide for gender equality in teacher education policy and practices.

Lauriola, M., Zell, A., Calcaterra, C., Cherubini, D., & Spinelli, D. (2004). Sport gender stereotypes in Italy. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 35(3), 189-206.

Lee, J. F. (2014). Gender representation in Hong Kong primary school ELT textbooks—a comparative study. Gender and Education, 26(4), 356-376.

Li Ang. (2021). Research on the influence of parents' sports behavior and attitude on Pupils' sports participation behavior and attitude. https://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?dbname=CMFD202102&filename=1021693080.nh.

Li Enxi, Rong Jie. (2020). The Meaning of Gender Education in School Wushu Education (eds.). The Collection of Papers of 2020 National School Wushu Reform and Development Conference (p. 88).

Lumadi, M. W., & Shongwe, S. S. (2010). The need for training gender-sensitive teachers: Addressing education challenges for gender sensitive national development. Contemporary Issues in Education Research (CIER), 3(3), 41-50.

Messner, M. A. (1988). Sports and male domination: The female athlete as contested ideological. terrain. Sociology of sport journal, 5(3), 197-211.

Pérez, E. O., & Tavits, M. (2019). Language influences public attitudes toward gender equality. The Journal of Politics, 81(1), 81-93.

Rychen, D. S., & L. H. Salganik, eds. (2003). Key Competencies for Successful Life and Well-functioning Society. Cambridge, MA: Hogrefe & Huber.

Salganik, L. H., & Rychen, D. S. (2003). Key competencies for a successful life and a well-functioning society. Hogrefe & Huber.

Sánchez-Hernández, N., Martos-García, D., Soler, S., & Flintoff, A. (2018). Challenging gender relations in PE through cooperative learning and critical reflection. Sport, Education and Society, 23(8), 812-823. 


Shi, Y., Tang, Q.Y. (2021). The Study of Incorporating Generic Skills Into Gender Equality Education Curriculum. Journal of China Women’s University, (05), 72-77. doi:10.13277/j.cnki.jcwu.2021.05.011.

Shifrer, D., Pearson, J., Muller, C., & Wilkinson, L. (2015, May 1). College-going benefits of high school sports participation: Race and gender differences over three decades. Youth & society. Retrieved August 17, 2022, from 


Situ, J. (2012). A Study of Current Situation of Gender Education in Secondary Schools in Guangzhou.


Sovič, A., & Hus, V. (2015). Gender Stereotype Analysis of the Textbooks for Young Learners. Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 495-501. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.08010.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.080.

Troiano, Richard P., Berrigan, David, Dodd, Kevin W, et al. Physical Activity in the United States Measured by Accelerometer [J]. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2008, 40(1): 181-188.

Wang Kangyi, Li Xiaotian, Yang Yuhang, Zhou Hang, & Wu Jinrong. (2022). Research on the factors of primary and secondary school students' extracurricular sports participation—Based on the survey of 2019 Beijing primary and secondary school students' sports activity participation and need for sports. (eds.) summary collection of papers of the 12th National Sports Science Conference - wall newspaper exchange (school sports branch) (pp.1035-1037).

Widodo, H. P., & Elyas, T. (2020). Introduction to gender in language education. Sexuality & Culture, 24(4), 1019-1027.

Xie Jun & Zhang Lei. (2018). Construction of a model of constraints on youth sports involvement: Based on ecosystem theory. Journal of Capital Institute of Physical Education, (03), 249-254. doi:10.14036/j.cnki.cn11-4513.2018.03.012.

Xie Qin. (2011). Investigation on the participation and need for extracurricular sports activities of urban and rural primary and sec-ondary school students in western Guangdong. Journal of Guangzhou Institute of Physical Education, (01), 96-101. doi:10.13830/j.cnki.cn44-1129/g8.2011.01.003.

Xu, J.J. (2014). Masculinity Education Should Be Enhanced in Secondary Schooling. Education of Literature (2nd), (12), 126. doi:CNKI:SUN:WXUX.0.2014-12-072.

Yang Ali & PI Yueci. (2022). Research on microsystem factors and mechanisms of primary and secondary school students' sports participation. (eds.) summary of papers of the 12th National Sports Science Conference - special report (sports psychology branch) (pp. 270-271).

Zhang Peng, Zheng Shuang. (2019). Gender View in the Textbook of Sports and Health (eds). The Collection of Papers of 11th National Sports Science Conference (pp. 3291-3292).

Zheng, L. (2021). Secondary and Elementary Teachers Should Pay Attention to Gender Equality Education. The Window of Knowledge (Teachers’ Version), (10), 110-111. doi:CNKI:SUN:ZSCH.0.2021-10-081.

How to cite this paper

From the Lens of Gender: The Influence of School Gender Education on Sports Involvement of Adolescent Students

How to cite this paper: Jun Chen, Yuqin Deng, Lan Xu, Siyang Yu, Xiangqian Yu. (2023). From the Lens of Gender: The Influence of School Gender Education on Sports Involvement of Adolescent StudentsThe Educational Review, USA7(3), 390-397.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/er.2023.03.021

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.