International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture

ISSN Print: 2578-3467 Downloads: 113890 Total View: 2165680
Frequency: quarterly ISSN Online: 2578-3475 CODEN: IJFSJ3

Evaluation of Bioactive Compounds in Afrostyrax Lepidophyllus Seeds Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

N. C. Oganezi*, C. U. Okoronkwo, U. C. Ebere, P. O. Peter

Department of Food Science and Technology, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: N. C. Oganezi

Published: December 23,2022


Afrostyrax lepidophylus seeds are utilized as spice in some African cuisines and for medicinal purposes in some cultures. The work was aimed at identifying compounds in methanol and dichloromethane/methanol extract of flour from whole seeds of Afrostyrax lepidophylus. Fourteen compounds were identified in the methanol extract while sixteen compounds were present in the dichloromethane/methanol extract. The most abundant compounds in the methanol extract were 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid, oleic acid, n-Hexadecanoic acid and 3H-Pyrazzole-3-one, 4-benzoyl-2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-phenyl which had relative abundance of 49.14, 10.26, 11.41 and 10.53% respectively. Results also indicated the presence of sulfur containing compounds in the methanol extract. trans-13-Octadecenoic acid and n-Hexadecanoic acid were the most abundant compounds in the dichloromethane/methanol extract and had relative abundance of 63.97 and 15.95% respectively. Dichloromethane/methanol extracted more of fatty acids, fatty acid derivatives and methyl esters of fatty acids while methanol extracted more of fatty acids, sulfur containing compounds and pyrazzole compound. The compounds identified in both extracts of Afrostyrax lepidophylus seeds have various beneficial bioactivities. As such, Afrostyrax lepidophylus seeds can serve as a good raw material from which bioactive compounds can be isolated and utilized in relevant food systems, as well as in the preparation of neutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals.


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How to cite this paper

Evaluation of Bioactive Compounds in Afrostyrax Lepidophyllus Seeds Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

How to cite this paper:  N. C. Oganezi, C. U. Okoronkwo, U. C. Ebere, P. O. Peter. (2022) Evaluation of Bioactive Compounds in Afrostyrax Lepidophyllus Seeds Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture6(4), 403-408.