Hill Publishing Group | contact@hillpublisher.com

Hill Publishing Group

Location:Home / Journals / International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture /

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.26855/ijfsa.2020.03.002

Assessing Yield Responses of Four Improved Cassava Varieties in Akure, Nigeria

Odedina S. A., Ajayi A. J.Awoyemi S. O.
Department of Crop Production Technology, Federal College of Agriculture, Akure
*Corresponding author: Ajayi A. J.
PDF Downloads
Date: January 9,2020 Hits: 618, How to cite this paper

Abstract

Experiments were conducted at the Federal College of Agriculture, Akure in 2015 and 2016 to evaluate yield response of four improved cassava (Manihot esculenta, Crantz) varieties. The experiment was set up in a 4 x 2 x 2 factorial experiment comprising of four cassava (TME 419, TMS 98/0581, 98/0505 and 30572), two planting dates (May and June) and year of planting (2015 and 2016). Yield evaluation was done at 12 months after planting. Significant interaction was obtained between varieties and time of planting for the number of roots harvested per plot. TMS 0581 recorded the highest average number of cassava root harvested 144.8 tubers in 2016. The number of tuber rot obtained per plot was significantly influenced by cassava varieties. TMS 0505 had 24.1 tuber rot per plot in 2015. This value amount to 13.2% loss in total number of storage roots formed and subsequent lowered yield (25.21 t/ha) compared with other varieties. Similarly, higher percentage of rotten roots (10.3%) per plot was obtained for TMS 0505 in 2016. However, the root rot was only significantly lower than root yield of TMS 0581 that recorded 53.09 t/ha. The effect of time of planting was only significant for 2015 planting season. The four varieties evaluated exhibited high yield capacity under the production research plot.

References

[1] Oketade E., Kulakow P., Parkes E.Y., Aina O.O and Akoroda M. O. (2018). Assessment of Root Dry Matter Content under Different Environments and Application of Fertilizer to Improved Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Genotypes in Two Agro-Ecologies in Nigeria. Book of Abstract. IVth International Cassava Conference, GCP 21, Benin, June11-15, 2018.
[2] FAOSTAT. 2019. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Statistics. www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data. Accessed February 25, 2019.
[3] International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) (2014). Reducing yield gaps for sustainable intensification of agriculture. CIAT Strategic initiative 2014-2020 bulletin.
[4] Okechukwu, R.U., Kehinde, I.A., Afolabi , C.G., James, B. and Egesi, C. (2011). Distribution of improved
varieties of cassava and potential impact on root yield and disease reduction in Nigeria. African Journal of Root and Tuber Crops 9 (1): pp 58-63.
[5] Carter, S. E.; Fresco, L. O.; Jones, P. G. and Faribairn, J. N. (1992): An Atlas Cassava in Africa. Historical, agro-ecological and demographic aspects of crop distribution. Centre International de Agricultura Tropical, 85pp. cassava varieties inOyo State of Nigeria. Agric Syst. 24:305–317.
[6] Akoroda MO, Gebremeskel I, Oyinlola A. E. 1985. Impact of IITA cassava varieties in Oyo State of Nigeria. Ibadan: IITA; 105 p.
[7] Akoroda MO, Oyinlola A E, Gebremeskel T. 1987. Plantable stem supply system for IITA cassava varieties in Oyo State of Nigeria. Agricultural Systems. 24:305–317.
[8] Agbaje G. O. and Akinlosotu T. A (2004). Influence of NPK fertilizer on tuber yield of early and late-planted cassava in a forest alfisol of south-western Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 3 (10), pp. 547-551. Available online at http://www.academic journals.org/AJB.
[9] Msikita W, Bissang B, James BD, Baimey H, Wilkinson HT, Ahounou M, Fagbemissi R. 2005. Prevalence and severity of Nattrassia mangiferae root and stem rot pathogen of cassava in Benin. Plant Diseases 89:12–16. 

Full-Text HTML

Assessing Yield Responses of Four Improved Cassava Varieties in Akure, Nigeria

How to cite this paper: Odedina S. A., Ajayi A. J., Awoyemi S. O. (2020) Assessing Yield Responses of Four Improved Cassava Varieties in Akure, Nigeria. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture, 4(1), 6-11.

Volumes(Year) & Month

Free HPG Newsletters

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from Hill Publishing Group.

Contact us

Hill Publishing Group

8825 53rd Ave

Elmhurst, NY 11373, USA

E-mail: contact@hillpublisher.com

Copyright © 2019 Hill Publishing Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.